the realist approach to evaluation research:an introduction

Realist impact evaluation draws on the realism school of philosophy. Realist data analysis is driven by the principles of realism: realist evaluation explains change brought about by an intervention by referring to the actors who act and change (or not) a situation under specific conditions and under the influence of external events (including the intervention itself). Applying a realist(ic) framework to the evaluation of a new model of emergency department based mental health nursing practice. Student Feedback "I found the 5 days to be an excellent introduction and overview of realist evaluation and realist synthesis. In this article we defend the idea that theory-based evaluations—contribution analysis, logic analysis, and realist evaluation—are complementary components of a new theory in evaluation. Realist evaluations are based on a particular philosophy (realism). Appendix I – ‘Thinking it through’: an exercise in realist hypothesis making. As a result, the quest for evidence-based policy (EBP) has turned increasingly to systematic reviews of the results of previous inquiries in the relevant policy domain. This paper offers a model of research synthesis which is designed to work with complex social interventions or programmes, and which is based on the emerging 'realist' approach to evaluation. Doing Realist Research combines the foundations of the realist methodology with the very latest thinking in the application, and development, of the approach.From understanding mechanisms, and the formulation of programme theories, to understanding the role of … G. Hewitt, S. Sims, R. Harris; Medicine; 1 May 2012; Background: The realist approach is a form of theory-driven evaluation developed to strengthen the explanatory power of evaluation studies and contribute to … Investigate possible alternative explanations, 1. As realist approaches gain momentum in the evaluation of complex social programmes and interventions, attention is turning to how other approaches can complement realist … Genevieve Coorey, David Peiris, Lis Neubeck, Julie Redfern, A realist evaluation approach to explaining the role of context in the impact of a complex eHealth intervention for improving prevention of cardiovascular disease, BMC Health Services Research, 10.1186/s12913-020-05597-5, 20, 1, (2020). evaluation approaches may not be feasible, with the broader aim of identifying lessons with wider application potential. A way to jointly develop an agreed narrative of how an innovation was developed, including key contributors and processes, to inform future innovation efforts. It describes five key ideas which frame realism and their implications for impact evaluation. The realist approach is a form of theory-driven evaluation developed to strengthen the explanatory power of evaluation studies and contribute to evidence-based policy and practice. 2)All scientific enquiry is mediated by humans—there is no such thing as final truth or knowledge. Realist review is part of a wider family of ‘theory driven’ approaches to evaluation. The realist approach to evaluation research: an introduction. It describes five key ideas which frame realism and their implications for impact evaluation. Realist approaches to evaluation assume that nothing works everywhere or for everyone: context really does make a difference to programme outcomes. This introduction aims to explain realist impact evaluation for those unfamiliar with its principles. It provides an explanatory analysis aimed at discerning what works for whom, in what circumstances, in what respects and how. 11 We describe an approach to considering these … Develop programme theory/theory of change, 5. This web page from Community Matters provides a brief introduction to realist evaluation along with the a chapter by Ray Pawson and Nick Tilley that provides discussion of the basic concepts , strategies and methods of realist evaluation. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions. – based on a realist philosophy of science (ontology) – looks for mechanisms and middle-range theories. Participants were 20 interdisciplinary staff nominating as CoP members between Nov 2013-Nov 2015 representing 13 facilities (approximately 780 beds) of a RAC organisation. A stakeholder involvement approach designed to provide groups with the tools and knowledge they need to monitor and evaluate their own performance and accomplish their goals. The designers of realist evaluations have developed some key assumptions, based on this philosophy. principles of realist methodology I have discussed today remain: 1)Both the material and social world are real. But more importantly, it asserts that the things we are studying in social research have some prior existence and would continue to exist even if our knowledge of them was limited. Realist evaluation is a valuable method for addressing the complexity of social programmes. (2008). Conclusions: Realist evaluation and realist synthesis are an advanced approach to evaluation research, but they offer an innovative and insightful means by which to further our understanding of complex social interventions. Recommend content, collaborate, share, ask, tell us what you like, suggest an improvement, or just say hi! Basic concepts in the explanation and understanding of programmes 3. In this workshop, participants will explore the advantage of using realist methodology to go beyond the question of ‘did an intervention work or not?’ to addressing questions about how, for whom, and under what circumstances interventions produce their particular outcomes. A Realist Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis: Interviews With Indigenous Patients With Cancer; Epistemology and Metaphysics for Qualitative Research; Researching Social Exclusion & Vulnerability Using Realist Methods; An Introduction to Critical Management Research; An Introduction to the Philosophy of Methodology This technique assumes that knowledge is a social and … Check the results are consistent with causal contribution, 3. The third section reviews concretely the realist debate over statistics and some realist contributions to qualitative methodology, qualitative A strengths-based approach designed to support ongoing learning and adaptation by identifying and investigating outlier examples of good practice and ways of increasing their frequency. Realist evaluation using Normalization Process Theory as a programme theory to understand what enabled patient and public involvement to be embedded as normal practice. This paper offers a model of research synthesis which is designed to work with complex social interventions or programmes, and which is based on the emerging 'realist' approach to evaluation. Introduction. EVALUATION. Realist approaches are a form of theory-driven evaluation which search for and refine explanations of programme effectiveness, however, several realist studies have been identified which lack this essential process (Pawson and Manzano-Santaella, 2012). Realism is an approach to humanity which recognizes the real existence of social objects as well as physical objects. Approaches (on this site) refer to an integrated package of options (methods or processes). Realist evaluation: an introduction Realist evaluation is a theory-driven approach to evaluating evidence from complex interventions. Evaluation has become progressively popular within public health and healthcare programme research, with an emphasis on outcomes and … The realist evaluation approach is a relatively new approach to evaluation, especially in some fields (such as health services research). An impact evaluation approach without a control group that uses narrative causal statements elicited directly from intended project beneficiaries. The nature of programmes and how they work 2. A convergent, parallel mixed methods evaluation design based on a realist approach using surveys, audits, observations and semi-structured interviews. Content: This article introduces the reader to the realist approach and outlines its application in empirical evaluation studies and literature syntheses. The paper provides a very brief introduction to the key ideas in realist evaluation and the implications of a realist approach for impact evaluation questions, evaluation design, programme theory, data collection, analysis and For realist evaluations (RE) this project aims to: develop quality and reporting standards and training materials; build capacity for undertaking and critically evaluating them; produce resources and training materials for lay participants, and those seeking to involve them. This paper introduces the realist approach and explains why it is particularly suited to education research. Realist researchers then try to articulate the theories (termed 'mechanisms') that underpin the programme and explore how contexts influence the mechanisms to produce different programme outcomes. Introduction: Realist evaluation is an increasingly popular methodology in health services research. Complex interventions ... drawing on realist approaches to evaluation and suggesting what sorts of evidence and information local decision-makers need to draw on. This approach was developed by Robert Brinkerhoff to assess the impact of organisational interventions, such as training and coaching, though the use of SCM is not limited to this context. It seeks to understand ‘what works, for who, in what circumstances and why’ rather than providing one-off verdicts on programme … Powered By Scopus® Data. I have read and I accept the terms of BetterEvaluation’s. The second section of the review introduces retroduction, a major methodological starting-point common to most realists. Introduction 1. Cutting nature at its seams. Synthesise data from a single evaluation, The nature of programmes and how they work, Basic concepts in the explanation and understanding of programmes, Strategies and methods of realist evaluation, Realism’s place in the policy cycle: formative, summative and synthetic approaches, The nature, presentation and use of findings from realist evaluation, Conclusion: strengths, limitations and relationships with other approaches. Decide who will conduct the evaluation, 5. One of the tasks of a realist evaluation is therefore to make the theories within a program explicit, by developing clear hypotheses about how, and for whom, programs might ‘work’. A range of approaches that engage stakeholders (especially intended beneficiaries) in conducting the evaluation and/or making decisions about the evaluation​. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. 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